Essential for your well-being
In midlife, the first age-related changes may appear. with a healthy way of life, manay age related diseases may be prevented or postponed. Adequate exercise and a sensible diet play role here. These factors may also have a direct effect on endogenous testosterone production and this hormone, in turn, has a curcial rol in physical, mental and sexual well being.
The importance of testosterone for your physical, mental and sexucal well-being
Be vigorous, live actively!
What is testosterone?
Testosterone is the most important male sex hormone. It is responsible for a boy's development into a man during puberty and is necessary throughout a man's life for his health and quality of life. Testosterone is produces mainly in the testes and then enters the bloodstream from where it reaches its target organs.
What are the functions of male sex hormones?
It is known that male sex hormones are responsible for the growth of the beard, body and pubic hair, the male physique as well as libido and virility. Some hormones also boost performance by improving oxygen supply. Moreover, they affect the brain through which the powers of concentration and memory and the mood can be improved. General symptons of testosterone deficiency are decreased sexual desire (libodo), erectile difficulties, feeling of depression and fatigue. Also a change in body composition with associated decrease in muscle strength and increased fat mass is a common complaint of men with low levels of testosterone.
Tiredness and exhaustion cause by the decreased formation of blood cells
Typical complaints of men with low level of testosterone:
Loss of muscular strength
Increase in body fat
Decrease in libido and virility
Reduction in bone mass
Which levels of testosterone are normal?
The levels of estoserone in men may very greatly. Values between 12 and 35nmol/L are considered normal. Values below 12 nmol/L may need to be treated if typical testosterone deficiency symptoms are present.
^ nmol/L is a common laboratory unit
* singapore urological association andropause guidelines october 2006
12 to 35 : normal *
8 to 12 : treatment can be considered*
under 8 : treatment needed*
What is late-onset hypogonadiam?
Late-onset hypogonadism (LOH) is defined as a clinical and biochemical
syndrome associated with advancing age and characterized by typical
symptoms and a deficiency in serum testosterone levels. It may result in
significant detriment in the quality of life and adversely affect the function of multiple organ systems.
Clinical manifestations of LOH in males
1. Diminished sexual desire (libido) and erectile quality and frequency,
particularly nocturnal erections
2. Changes in mood with concomitant decreases in intellectual activity,
cognitive functions, spatial orientation ability, fatigue, depressed mood
3. Sleep disturbances
4. Decrease in lean body mass with associated diminution in muscle
volume and strength
5. Decrease in body hair and skin alterations
6. Decreased bone mineral density resulting in osteopaenia, osteoporosis
and increased risk of bone fractures
7. Increase in visceral fat
Testosterone Level for male